Metaphysics in European Modernity


This course explores the development of metaphysical thought in European modernity, covering key figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Hume, Kant, and Nietzsche, as well as the impact of industrialization and world wars on metaphysical inquiry.

What you will learn

Gain a comprehensive understanding of the evolution of metaphysical thought in European modernity and the philosophical shifts from materialism and empiricism to existentialism and phenomenology.

Course program

The Early Modern Metaphysical Debate
The Rise of Materialism and Spinozism
Empiricism and Idealism
Skepticism and Transcendental Idealism
Evolution of Materialism: From the Scientific Revolution to Enlightenment Rationalism
Newtonian Worldview and Metaphysical Implications
Industrial Revolution and the Emergence of Existentialist Perspectives
Transition to Phenomenology: Bridging Existentialism and 20th Century Metaphysical Inquiry
Redefining Metaphysical Inquiry in the 20th Century